Plumbing Supplies – Drainage Fittings


The following fittings shown and discussed below are some of the most common fittings you would use to construct any DVW (drainage waste and vent) system. They may be made of different materials, such as: copper, ABS, PVC or cast iron and have different joining methods, however their shape will be roughly the same.

Sanitary Tee

In drainage, sanitary tee's (usually just called a tee) are always installed as the picture shows it, with the curved part of the tee connecting a horizontal pipe to a vertical pipe. In venting, a tee may be installed on the horizontal to connect a vertical vent.

Sanitary Tee - ABS

Wye

Wye's are used to connect both horizontal to horizontal, and horizontal to vertical pipes. Often used in combination with a 45 degree fitting.

ABS Wye

90 Degree Elbow

Not to be used at the bottom of a vertical drainage pipe on sizes smaller than 4".

ABS 90

45 Degree Elbow

Are commonly used in a DWV system to gradually change direction of flow, such as at the base of a stack. They are also often used in combination with a wye.

45 degree ABS Fitting

22.5 Degree Elbow

Not commonly used, but may help create difficult offsets.

22-1/2 degree ABS fitting

Coupling

Used to connect two sections of pipe.

ABS coupling

P-Trap

Used at each plumbing fixture to prevent sewer gasses from escaping, by keeping a water seal in the trap.

ABS P-Trap with clean out

Trap Adapter

Used to connect the fixture outlet pipe (tail piece) to the trap.

ABS Trap Adapter

Double Wye

Same as a wye but typically used to connect back to back fixtures.

ABS double wye

Double Sanitary Tee

Can only be used on the vertical, and will require a clean-out above the flood level rim of the fixtures connected to it.

Double Sanitary Tee

Reducer

Used to reduce upstream pipe size. May also be used for venting to increase the size of the upper portion of a Vent.

Pipe reducer

Bushing

Same as a reducer, but fits inside the hub of another fitting.

ABS Bushing

Plug

Plugs are commonly installed as an access port (clean out) at various points in a DWV system.

ABS plug









Cap

Used to keep an air tight seal on an unused pipe end.

ABS cap

Backwater Valve

Used on below grade drainage pipes to protect from sewer back-ups. To learn more see: Backwater valves.

Back water valve

Clean-Out

Must be installed to allow cleaning of the drainage system. To learn more see: clean outs

Drainage cleanout

Toilet Flange

Used as a means to mount a toilet/water closet. See installing a water closet.

Toilet flange